TITLE: Consultant Researcher, Secondary Violence Against Women (VAW) Analysis of Law and Justice and Policing Studies

UNIT: Timor-Leste Office

REPORTS TO: Research and M&E Coordinator, Ending Violence Against Women (EVAW) Program



The Asia Foundation (the Foundation) recently launched an Ending Violence Against Women (EVAW) Program in Timor-Leste under a Grant Agreement with the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The EVAW Programgoal is to reduce the proportion of women who have experienced violence, and to better meet the needs of women and children affected by violence. The objective is to improve outcomes for women in prevention, support services, and access to justice by improving capacity in key ministries, reducing levels of violence, improving services, and strengthening judicial processes serving the needs of women survivors of violence. The program will focus on five so-called hub districts that have existing services and facilities. These districts are Dili, Baucau, Bobonaro, Covalima, and Oecusse. The program will also work in two non-hub pilot districts, Viqueque and Manufahi.

The EVAW program will be informed by research conducted on the underlying causes of VAW and opportunities for EVAW in Timor-Leste relating to the core pillars of prevention, service provision, and access to justice. The EVAW program will make strong efforts to develop evidence-based practice across the program and to close the feedback loop between research, activity design, monitoring results and impact, and revising design. The program hopes to identify relevant international experience and link with research both internationally and locally, as well as draw on the Foundation’s wealth of potentially relevant research. As part of the program’s efforts to consolidate all knowledge on violence against women and children in Timor-Leste, and in developing program baselines, the EVAW program will conduct a secondary analysis of data previously collected by the Foundation in other programs. The analysis will feed into a particular piece of research on women’s pathways to justice as well as inform the program broadly, especially in relation to establishing the program baselines.

Foundation survey data

Since 2004, the Foundation has conducted nationwide surveys on law, justice, and security in Timor-Leste. The Foundation recently concluded its third national Law and Justice survey, which tracks changes in the awareness and attitudes of the people regarding law and justice since independence. The 2013 survey is significant for its comparison to data collected respectively in 2004 and 2008, allowing for rich analysis of women’s access to justice. The research teams interviewed 1,126 randomly selected respondents ages 17 and up, from across all 13 districts. The same questionnaire was largely used in the 2013 survey as in the 2008 survey, which in turn was designed using questions from regional surveys conducted by the East and South Asia Barometers as well as other Foundation surveys throughout Asia. The survey covers questions on: local justice mechanisms, formal justice, institutions, case handling, justice actors, legal reform, the police, and legal aid services.


The Foundation also conducted Community Police Perception Surveys in 2008, 2009, and 2013, which surveyed three target groups—the general public, community leaders, and the police. These surveys utilized almost identical survey questions (approximately between 30 and 60 questions depending on the target group and skip logic), and varied mainly in terms of sample sizes and geographic focus area. Police respondents received a distinct questionnaire, compared to community leaders who received the same questionnaire as citizens. For the 2008 study, 1,040 citizens were interviewed. In 2009 a second and third survey were conducted using the same questions but with a narrower target area of four sub-districts. Seven hundred and eighteen respondents were surveyed between January and February 2009, and the same number were surveyed from September to November 2009. The 2009 survey provided a baseline and endline for the New Zealand Aid Program, thus the results were not published. In 2013, a fourth survey was conducted using the same three target groups, utilizing Open Data Kit to collect data rather than paper based surveys. A total of 3,106 people were interviewed from all 13 districts, with oversampling occurring in the districts of Aileu, Baucau, Bobonaro, Dili, Manatuto, and Viqueque. The survey used questions from the 2008 community-police perception survey to track changes in indicators over the last five years, and added in further lines of questioning to gauge new areas of interest.



The Foundation is seeking a consultant (an individual, team, or organization) to conduct a VAW analysis of the Foundation’s Timor-Leste data sets to glean information of particular relevance to women and their perspectives and behavior related to safety, security, violence, and justice, to be applied to the Foundation’s ongoing programming, in particular the EVAW program.  It is anticipated that the individual or team will be engaged for 20 – 30 working days; some of the work can be conducted remotely, while significant time may need to be spent in Dili, Timor-Leste, working closely with Foundation staff.


The consultant will work closely with members of the EVAW program team to develop analysis that can help provide an evidence base for approaches and interventions related to both primary and secondary prevention of violence against women and children in Timor-Leste. The activity will require secondary analysis of a large amount of both quantitative and qualitative data that has been collected by the Foundation and partners. The data sets will include but not necessarily be limited to the Law and Justice and Community Police Perceptions Surveys referenced above. The precise questions that the secondary analysis will address will be determined by the EVAW program team in discussion with the consultant(s), following an initial review of the data sets by the consultant(s) to set expectations in terms of the questions that can be addressed. The analysis will likely cover: examining the difference between men’s and women’s responses on survey questions related to domestic violence and other security issues, including gender-based differences in the ability to receive information about the security situation in their locality; women’s perceptions of acceptable solutions related to seeking help within the security and justice sectors; where women experiencing crimes or violence seek help, and other expressed preferences; the nature of crimes experienced by women versus the general public; and case resolution rates reported by women. The consultant will look at the responses of women within various groups, including police officers as well as the general public, focusing on both national-level and sub-national level survey responses (i.e. by district or suku) to draw comparisons. The consultant may also undertake further analysis of the perceptions of men as related to VAW, if determined appropriate or advantageous in discussion with the EVAW program team. It is envisioned the analyzed data will feed into at least three research pieces currently planned under the EVAW program: the economic dimensions of domestic violence, understanding women’s pathways to seek support and justice, and motivators of change. It is also anticipated the analysis will also inform EVAW program baselines.


Experience and skills:

·         Post-graduate degree in relevant field.

·         Experience in raw data analysis, including strong skills in statistical analysis. Fluent in statistical analysis computer programs such as SPSS or STATA.

·         Skilled in qualitative analysis.

·         Experience working and conducting research in Timor-Leste.

·         Demonstrated experience and capacity related to providing gender and/or VAW analysis, particularly for research and surveys implemented in the Timor-Leste or other developing country contexts.

·         Experience in data extraction (from multiple formats), management, analysis, and reporting including management and merging of complex databases and large data sets.

·         Excellent analytical skills.

·         Exceptional verbal and written communication skills. Tetun language ability highly valued.


Specific responsibilities of the consultant:

·    Conduct a preliminary review of the following data sets;

o   Law and Justice Survey raw data sets from 2004, 2008, and 2013

o   Community Policy Perception Survey raw data sets from 2008, 2009 (two surveys), and 2013

o   Potentially other raw data sets, for example, from the Foundation’s public opinion surveys and local governance program, as determined in discussion with EVAW program team.

·         Prepare a work plan for the analysis, including outlining the methodology to be used;

·         Identify research questions to be answered by the secondary analysis. The analysis should clearly disaggregate and appropriately weight the responses of women, including women within different respondent groups (such as police). The questions will likely explore women’s responses, related but not limited to, the following topics:

o   Perceptions related to domestic violence and other safety and security issues

o   Triggers for seeking help, where and how women experiencing violence seek help (both in terms of expressed preferences and actions), on behalf of themselves as well as on behalf of other women, such as family members

o   Perceptions of acceptable solutions related to cases of VAW

o   Case resolution rates and women’s satisfaction with case resolution outcomes and processes

o   Perceptions of different justice and security actors in their communities, both formal and traditional, and reported interactions with such actors

o   The nature of crimes more commonly experienced by women versus the general public

o   Access to information related to: the security situation; options for support related to justice and security; and roles and responsibilities of governments and other actors

o   Perceptions of opportunities for improved collaboration with justice and security actors, or other opportunities for improving services

o   Perceptions of the adequacy and accessibility of various systems and institutions for law, justice, and security

·         Confirm the research questions and necessary cross-tabulations with the EVAW program team.

·         Calculate appropriate weights, including margins of error, and conducting both frequency and cross-tabular analysis.

·         Draft formats for the report and other products on the analysis findings, in consultation with the EVAW program team.

·         Prepare narrative report, and/or other formats to present the analysis findings, including outlining methodology used.


Key outputs:

·         Work plan for undertaking EVAW secondary analysis of data, including determining which survey questions should be analyzed, and accounting for any important limitations of the data sets related to a secondary VAW analysis.

·         Conduct the analysis of the Foundation’s research and data sets to draw out findings of particular relevance to women, VAW, and other gender issues in the Timor-Leste context.

·         Present the statistical component of the findings (frequency and cross-tabular analysis) in SPSS/STATA (.sav files) with all questions clearly labelled with weightings included; and in Excel format (.xls files) with all questions clearly labelled, and margins of error included.

·         A narrative report of no more than 40 pages, clearly illustrating methodology, findings, and analysis.

·         Other formats for the findings of the analysis, as appropriate and determined in discussion with the EVAW program team, to ease the incorporation of findings into the EVAW program baselines, research pieces, and program implementation.




Interested individuals or teams should submit expressions of interest outlining their proposed process, approach, and work plan to accomplish the activity above, including number of required days and total activity budget. CVs for proposed personnel should also be enclosed. The activity budget should reflect salaries as well as any anticipated costs for travel to Dili to consult with Foundation staff.


Please submit expressions of interest to Diana Fernandez, Research and M&E Pillar Coordinator, EVAW Program, at Diana.Fernandez@asiafoundation.org. Expressions of interest should be received by 8:30 am in Dili, Timor-Leste, onMonday, October 27th, 2014.