FAQ’s about East Timor
Where is East Timor?
Map of East Timor
Location of East Timor
East Timor is located in Southeast Asia. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago which is 650+Kms North West of Australia.
East Timor boundaries
The Eastern end of the Lesser Sunda Islands is known as East Timor (light grey color on map above). Also part of East Timor is Jaco Island, Atauro Island and Oecussi (Pante Makasar on map located in Indonesia). East Timor shares a land border with Indonesia (West Timor).
8.8484° S, 125.5942° E
East Timor lies within the Indian Ocean (South) and Banda Sea (North).
The land area of East Timor is approximately 14,874 km²
Governement and Politics of East Timor
Prime Minister of East Timor
President of East Timor
Background to politics in East Timor
- In August 1999, the UN sponsored a referendum which saw Timor-Leste choose its independence from Indonesia
- On the 30th August 2001, the first democratic elections were held
- East Timor’s independence was formally achieved on 20th May 2002 when East Timor’s Constitution was approved.
- East Timor’s constitution is based on the Portuguese’s system: a Prime Minister is chosen from a political party to form the Government and a President is also elected as head of State
Political parties of East Timor
- Democratic Party (PD)
- National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (CNRT)
- National Democratic Union of Timorese Resistance (UNDERTIM)
- National Unity Party (PUN)
- People’s Party of Timor (PPT)
- Revolutionary Front of Independent Timor-Leste (FRETILIN)
- Social Democratic Association of Timor (ASDT)
- Social Democratic Party (PSD)
- Sons of the Mountain Warriors (KOTA)
Currency and economy
The currency of East Timor is US dollars. East Timor also has its own set of coins (as shown below).
Recent economic indicators in East Timor
Importing and exporting
“Last year East Timor exported goods worth only $US16 million, mainly coffee, but imported goods worth $US288 million.” Lindsay Murdoch, SMH article: Shadow of the past haunt nations future
- East Timor’s imports goods predominantly from Australia, Indonesia and Singapore.
- East Timor mainly exports goods to Australia, New Zealand and America.
Coffee is East Timor’s main export. Some of the buyers and exportes include: Coorperative Cafe Timor, Elsa Cafe, Timor Corp and Delta Cafe.
Resource and development curse
East Timor’s economy is propped up by petroleum revenue (valued in 2012 at being worth $10.35 billion) and almost all business activity is supported by donors or aid money.
The Economist: Small country, big year SMH article: Shadow of the past haunt nations future IMF: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste DFAT: Country economic fact sheet for East Timor
Flag of East Timor
Meaning behind East Timor’s flag
Meanings of flag colours taken from Government of Timor-Leste’s website.
Capital of East Timor
The capital of East Timor is Dili. The city of Dili straddles the northern coastline of the country and is framed by rising hills in the background. Looking across the water from the capital, the spectacular Atauro Island can be seen.
List of Public Holidays
Airports in East Timor
All international flights land in Dili.
- Dili: Nicolau dos Reis Lobato Airport
- Atauro Island: Atauro airport
- Baucau: Cakung airport
- Fuiloro: Abisu airfield
- Maliana: Maliana airport
- Oecussi: Oecussi airport
- Suai: Suai airport (Covalima airport)
- Viqueque: Viqueque airport
Who flys to East
Climate of East Timor
Climate East Timor- graph charting the average temperature in 3 of East Timor’s cities (Dili, Baucau and Ermera)
Percentage of population by religion from East Timor’s 2010 census:
- Catholic: 96.9
- Protestant / Evangelical: 2.2
- Islam: 0.3
- Other: 0.5
Districts of East Timor
Districts of East Timor
East Timor is divided into thirteen districts.
What is a district?
A district is an administrative area. It’s like a state. Each district has it’s own capital city and is also divided into smaller subdistricts. These subdistricts are then further divided into sucos or villages.
What are the thirteen districts of East Timor?
Spelling- is it Districts or districts?
You use a lower case “d” when spelling districts. For more information on East Timor’s districts please see the Government of Timor Leste’s website.